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The world's first documented glass workshops TELL-ATCHANA (Aççana-Alalakh) are located on the 20th km of the Antakya-Reyhanl highway.

History of Ancient Glass

In BC, glass vessels were first used. It was discovered near the end of the 16th century. The oldest dated examples were discovered in the ancient settlement of Atchana, aka Alalakh, which is now situated in the Amik Plain near the Turkey-Syria border.

The earliest samples of glass are glass beads discovered in Sumerian settlements. A cylindrical light blue glass rod discovered in Mesopotamia's Eshnunna goes back to BC. It is from the 23rd century. Aside from these oldest dated glass finds, BC. glass beads were discovered in Tell Cudeyde and Nuzi (Yorgan Tepe) in the Amik plain, which date from the third millennium BC. Tell Cudeyde glass beads are among the oldest known beads.

In BC, glass vessels were first used. It was discovered near the close of the 16th century. The oldest example is a glass vessel fragment discovered in Tell Atchana's Level VI. (Alalakh). The late 16th century terminus is provided as post quem in this piece.

Mesopotamian examples from this era have been discovered in Alalakh, Nuzi, Assyria, Tell Al-Rimah, and Ur. These artifacts were made using the inner mold technique, which was the first way used to make glass containers. This technique developed in Mesopotamia's Hurri-Mitanni Region, and after the first glass production here, Egypt's glassmaking intensified. This interaction, as well as their commercial relationships, could have been inspired by traveling glass masters.

Particularly in Egypt, III. Tuthmosis' (1504 - 1450 BC) expansion of boundaries and intense glass output as a result of being a neighbor to Syria demonstrates the interaction. It is entirely conceivable that the Egyptians inherited glasswork from their Asian neighbors, possibly Pharaoh III of the Eighteenth Dynasty. It demonstrates that he learned from captives taken during Tuthmosis' Egyptian military expedition to the East (1490-1436 BC). Because of the abundance of raw materials, the glass industry expanded quickly when it relocated to Egypt.

Egyptian workshops not only made goods for the royal family and aristocrats who could afford luxury, but they also exported large amounts of raw glass.